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Kumquat what kind of fruit is it, benefits and harm and how is it eaten

kind fruit

Kumquat - what kind of fruit is it, benefits and harm and how is it eaten

What kind of fruit is kumquat and how is it eaten? Is this exotic fruit good for the body? When can it be harmful? We learn about the healing properties and why nutritionists are advised to use this for weight loss..

Orange kumquat is an evergreen citrus fruit crop. The shrub grows up to 4 m high and bears fruit for 30 years. The birthplace of the fruit is southern China, its name also appeared there, which translates as golden orange. In Japan, the fruits are called kinkan, in Europe - fortunella in honor of the botanist R. Fortuy, who for the first time in the XIX century brought an unusual fruit from Asia to Spain.

Fruits of oval-shaped kumquat are 2-3 cm in diameter, only 5 cm long. If cut, we will see 4-5 cloves with small seeds inside. Bright citrus has a tart aroma, a pleasant sweet and sour taste and contains vitamins, minerals and organic substances valuable to the body.

The fruit ripens in November-December, like all citrus fruits. In Asian countries, kumquat is a symbol of a happy New Year, similar to the poinsettia flower in Europe. On the eve of the holiday, pots with small trees strewn with bright orange fruits are displayed on the windows of houses, offices, and in shop windows. Asians believe that the golden orange will bring wealth, good luck and health to every home, bank, enterprise and all people.

Composition and benefits of fruit. Even in ancient China, it was found that kumquat is not only a delicious fruit, but also unusually healthy. Its bactericidal properties were especially famous. Healers treated fungal skin diseases with juice and chopped flesh of small yellow fruits. We noticed that if you eat them with infections of the respiratory tract or gastrointestinal tract, recovery occurs much faster.

The use of kumquat is due to its unusually rich chemical composition. It contains:

vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, C, E, P;

micro- and macrominerals: calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, copper, phosphorus;

polyunsaturated fatty acids (Omega 3, 6, 9);

furocoumarins;

carotenoids: lutein, carotene;

alimentary fiber;

flavonoids;

essential oils.

Due to its rich composition, the use of kumquat fruits has a positive effect on the activity of all body systems.

The healing properties of kumquat If regularly eaten, then positive changes in the state of health will soon be noticeable:

immunity will increase;

kidney function improves;

brain activity is activated;

working capacity will increase;

anxiety level will decrease.

People who often use kumquat are less prone to diseases of the cardiovascular system and chronic stress. These medicinal properties of fruits are explained by the presence of vitamins and minerals in the composition.

The content of insoluble fiber and pectin in citrus allows you to normalize the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, helps get rid of toxins and toxins. Due to the content of furocoumarins, kumquat has antifungal and bacteriostatic effects on the body.

Flavonoids in the fruit exhibit antioxidant properties:

protect and strengthen the walls of blood vessels;

prevent the development of malignant tumors;

slow down the aging process of cells.

Lutein and carotene are necessary for a person to restore vision. They protect the eyes from the development of degenerative changes in the macula and cataract.

Kumquat essential oil is often used in aromatherapy and spa treatments:

in the treatment of problem skin;

to eliminate postpartum stretch marks;

citrus fruits

cellulite massage and wrap.

Inhalation of the aroma of oil calms the nervous system, helps with insomnia and stress management..

Dried fruit peel is used in inhalations and for colds and flu for the treatment of rhinitis and cough.

To get the necessary dose of nutrients, it is enough to eat 6-8 fresh or 2-3 dried fruits daily. During heat treatment, fruits retain almost all of their healing properties, but vitamin C is destroyed..

How to eat kumquat Since kumquat is valued primarily for its taste and healthy qualities, it is important to know how to eat it.

Usually the fruit is eaten along with the peel, in which most of the nutrients are concentrated. It is much thinner than that of other citrus fruits, sweet, with subtle bitterness, and ideally combined with the sour flesh of the fruit. Their taste shades mix, leaving an incomparable aftertaste with nothing. It is believed that the sweetest skin of wild-growing kumquat from Hong Kong.

A small citrus fruit is eaten fresh whole or cut into thin slices. Some prefer to sprinkle sugar on top. Some varieties have too acid flesh, so only peel is eaten.

Kumquat is added to cold and hot dishes, they prepare delicious sauces for dressing meat, fish, vegetables.

The fruit can be dried and dried, boiled jam, stewed fruit and jam from it, make candied fruit, jelly, marmalade. You can squeeze out refreshing vitamin juice from the fruits, put alcohol tinctures on them.

Kumquat fruits are popular as a martini snack - the fruit successfully replaces olives, used as a spicy ingredient for vegetable salads.

Kumquat will perfectly complement desserts, ice cream, cereals, pancakes. In any form, this sunny fruit has a unique aroma and taste that you want to feel again and again ...

Possible harm and contraindications When using kumquat, one should not forget that this fruit is a representative of citrus fruits, which means it can cause allergies. For the same reason, pregnant and lactating women should eat fruits with caution. At the same time, the use of kumquat helps to reduce the manifestation of toxicosis, protects the expectant mother from varicose veins.

It is forbidden to eat kumquats for exacerbations of diseases of the stomach: ulcers and gastritis with high acidity.

Kumquat is a low-calorie fruit (only 70 kcal per 100 g), so it can be used in diet food for weight loss. In addition, exotic citrus due to the fiber content in the composition normalizes digestion and accelerates metabolism. Vitamin C increases the rate of synthesis of carnitine - the amino acid responsible for the breakdown of fats.

Like all citrus fruits, kumquat contains natural fat burners naringin and synephrine. Their concentration in the peel is especially high. These substances reduce appetite and improve glucose metabolism..

Fresh fruits are used for snacks, they can be added to salads from fresh vegetables or fruits. Do not eat jam, marmalade or jams made from kumquat on the diet - the sugar content in such products always exceeds the norm and interferes with weight loss.

Dried kumquat In dried and dried kumquat, the concentration of nutrients per 100 g increases, although some of the vitamins are lost if the fruits were dried at temperatures above 600 C. They also contain much more calories than fresh fruits (284 kcal / 100 g), so do not get carried away with diabetes and a tendency to overweight.

Dried kumquat has a yellow-orange color, a light citrus-mint aroma usually comes from it. Sometimes in the market you can find multi-colored dried kumquats: red, bright yellow, green. Natural dried fruits cannot be of such colors - they are just artificially tinted candied fruits. You should refrain from buying them - they are unlikely to bring health benefits, but harm from chemical dyes cannot be avoided!

Where Kumquat grows Kumquat is a heat-loving plant that grows in the wild only in hot and humid climates. Fruits grown under such conditions are distinguished by the most sweet and harmonious taste..

Currently, this evergreen shrub grows not only in China, but also in other regions of the world. Exported kumquat plantations are located throughout Southeast Asia, Greece, the southern United States, and South America..

Breeders are not tired of trying to grow exotic fruits in more severe climatic zones. For cultivation in open ground, kumquat cuttings are grafted with a deciduous shrub of a three-leaf ponrus, which allows the heat-loving plant to please gardeners with a good harvest and tolerate frosts up to -150.

When creating the necessary microclimate, an evergreen tree with bright orange, eye-pleasing fruits also grows at home in a pot. The most commonly used varieties of Fortunella Nagami and Murumi.

How to grow kumquat at home

A houseplant is much smaller than its wild-growing counterparts (about 1-1.5 m tall), and its fruits are smaller and more acidic, but their benefits will be no less. Growing kumquat on your own from seeds is not difficult, you just need to know a few secrets.

For growing, seeds from fruits that have undergone heat treatment or from unripe fruits are not suitable. It is best to purchase seeds in a specialized store for gardeners.

Before planting, seeds must be treated. To improve germination, they need to be soaked in warm water for 30-40 minutes, periodically stirring with a wooden stick. So we get rid of the outer inhibitory layer.

Peeled kumquat seeds are placed in wet gauze on a saucer and set in a warm place for 5-6 days, not forgetting to periodically moisten the gauze.

We plant the seeds ready for planting in a small container (a clay pot of medium size is suitable) with moist soil for citrus plants. Sprinkle the seeds lightly with earth.

To create a greenhouse effect, you need to cover the pot with plastic wrap and put it in a warm dark place. Sprouts begin to appear in the second month after planting.

The plant is grown on the windowsill (preferably on the windows on the south side), daily pouring with warm, settled water. It is necessary to ensure that the earthen lump in the pot does not dry out, in the summer, regularly spray the leaves. The optimum indoor temperature in the summer is 26-300 , in the winter - 20-220 .

In the period from March to September, fertilizers should be applied to the soil 2-3 times a month. The rest of the time, feeding is sufficient once every 1.5 months.

Fruiting a plant grown from seed begins in 8-10 years. To get healthy fragrant fruits earlier, it is better to buy a mature kumquat tree in a flower shop. An overview of the varieties and features of growing at home offer to see in a small video:

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citrus fruits, benefits harm, healing properties, kind fruit, weight loss